After having been gone for several weeks, we returned to empty bird feeders and a quiet yard, but inevitably soon after we filled them, the birds returned.  Usually it’s the bigger, bolder blue jays to show up first, but they were soon followed by the smaller birds.  Today, on this gloriously mild and sunny November afternoon, we sat on our deck watching and listening to a flock of American goldfinch scavenging both on the ground and on the upright feeder.  In earlier times, people referred to these birds as ‘wild canaries’ and certainly the males bright yellow plumage in the summer and cheerful singing voice makes this title understandable.

We are hopeful that these birds will stick around all winter, even though they are not wearing their brilliant summer plumage.  Right now, both the males and females are a dullish gray green on their backs, with some distinct black and white stripes on tAmerican_Goldfinch male and female at feederheir wings and rumps.  Look closely and you will see a wash of yellow under their chins and on their breasts that still glows when the sun strikes them – a small reminder that the sun is moving away from us, but will still bring us some warm and bright days.

Goldfincfrenzy-at-thistle-feederhes have the cutest squeaky sound that they make when perched in the trees.  You’d swear someone was holding a bunch of rubber duckies and squeezing them over and over.  It’s kind of a ‘zeeeeeeeee’ sound, going up in pitch.   When flying they make a different sound in relationship to the up and down, rollercoaster like flight pattern.  It is described as “per-chik-o-ree” or “potato chip, potato chip dip” (which I prefer).  The call is given when they are in the down swoop. Watch closely the next time a flock flies overhead and see if you can catch this pattern.

goldfinch at thistle feederThese birds rarely travel alone, so if you have one at your feeder, you can be sure there are several more in the branches of the trees near by.  We had 15 of them on the ground and at the feeder today, all busily eating black sunflower seeds or searching for other seeds in the grass.  The American Goldfinch is in the Fringillidae Family – and as such they are dedicated seed eaters.  Their Latin scientific name, Carduelis means ‘thistle’, which is a very good description of the plant that provides them with both food and nesting material.

Late Nesters

goldfinch at nest Stan Tekiela

At the nest. Photo by Stan Tekiela

female goldfinch on thistle

Female on a thistle

Because they use the down of the thistle flower to line their nests, the goldfinch is the last to nest in the summer season, usually only having enough time to raise one brood of young.  The nests are small cuplike affairs, with the aforementioned down providing a soft bed for the chicks.  The rest of the nest is constructed of strips of bark or leaves, but most intriguing is the fact that they use spider webs or caterpillar silk to hold the outer material in place, wrapping it around and around the cup.  The nest is so well built, so ‘tight’, they’re said to hold water.  They often last through the winter months and you may find one on a low branch after the leaves have fallen, but the goldfinches normally do not return to last summer’s nests.

Nyjer Seeds

Besides the black sunflower seeds, goldfinch love thistle seeds, also known as Nyjer and since these will be harder to come by as the snow piles up, you can attract more of these little finches with a special thistle feeder.  You can see in the photos above the variety of ways to offer thistle to the birds. If you have a grassy field, you might also see the birds foraging on the long stems of various grasses and weeds, supplementing their diet with wild food.  As winter advances the goldfinches will be joined by other songbirds, such as redpolls and pine siskins at the thistle feeders, adding even more color and activity to your yard.